CZ and Krugman Debate the Future of Cryptocurrency

CZ does his best to school Krugman on the merits of his sector


•In a wide-ranging conversation, Binance CEO Changpeng “CZ” Zhao and economist Paul Krugman debate the value and potential of crypto.

• Krugman is part of the crypto skeptic community and has written that the hype over cryptocurrency and blockchain technology is a “tragedy” that has resulted in “waste on an epic scale.”

• CZ responded by pointing out that the original concept of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency was to provide a new way to transfer value, the same way that the internet is a new way to share information.

• CZ said that Bitcoin’s first use case was imagined to be payments, but it hasn’t taken off as well as other uses for cryptocurrency like global fundraising or raising money for artists using non-fungible tokens or NFTs.

• Krugman questioned how long Bitcoin adoption has taken compared to innovations like the internet, saying that 13 years since its creation is not “new.”

• Many crypto enthusiasts point to the 2008 financial crisis as why Bitcoin and the industry it birthed are necessary, but many have questioned how practical it is to expect

An intriguing conversation between Binance CEO Changpeng “CZ” Zhao and Nobel prize-winning economist Paul Krugman explored the potential of crypto as well as its place in the future of money. The two discussed the significance of blockchain technology and how it could be applied to transform existing systems, including government-backed currencies. While they agreed on several ideas, they also exchanged different perspectives on topics like censorship resistance and centralization versus decentralization. It was a thought-provoking dialogue that will help shape the crypto industry moving forward by providing insight into this increasingly prominent asset class.

Cryptocurrency’s Use Cases

The discussion began with an analysis of how Bitcoin was originally imagined to be used. CZ argued that it was originally designed as digital cash or digital gold, which he has talked about extensively in past interviews and discussions. He said that Bitcoin is still a great store of value asset but also has other uses such as global fundraising or raising money for artists using NFTs (non-fungible tokens). However, Krugman questioned whether these use cases are actually viable given the lack of real-world applications for cryptocurrency currently available.

Evaluating Bitcoin Adoption Over Time

Paul Krugman is an influential economist who has become an influential part of the crypto skeptic community. For example, he has written that the hype over cryptocurrency and blockchain technology, which some people are treating as a universal holy grail, is a “tragedy” that has actually resulted in money being “wasted on an epic scale.” In other words, according to Krugman, it’s been more of a false promise than anything else. This evaluation puts him in direct opposition to many in the crypto-currency industry who are actively encouraging more and more investment and uptake of digital currency. His opinion has been shared by other powerful figures in the finance world like Warren Buffett who have also labeled cryptocurrency an economic bubble with no real lasting value.

Krugman used his experience as an economist to compare cryptocurrency innovation to that of the internet, drawing parallels between how people initially underestimated both technologies before eventually recognizing them as revolutionary tools with widespread impact. CZ took this point further by noting that 2008 brought with it a financial crisis that necessitated more secure forms of currency and investment tools like Bitcoin. This led into a conversation around questions about the practicality of expecting widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies anytime soon.

Future Outlooks on Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies offer an exciting new opportunity for those who value the decentralized nature of blockchain technology. By serving as a digital currency, cryptocurrency has allowed individuals to transfer wealth without relying on traditional banking institutions. This capability suggests that cryptocurrency offers more than just financial benefits: it enables a new way of thinking about money and asset exchanges. CZ’s impressive assertion that Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies provide a digital avenue comparable to the internet’s information sharing capabilities highlights this innovation. Thanks to cryptocurrency, users can now benefit from secure, peer-to-peer transfers of value powered by secure data encryption algorithms.

Bitcoin is running out of time

Bitcoin was originally envisioned as a tool for payment, but it has found surprising success in other applications. Global fundraising and raising money for artists has been made possible with the use of non-fungible tokens (NFTs). This technology leverages cryptocurrency, as NFTs can be turned into digital assets that are stored on blockchain networks. NFTs have proven to be a major game changer; they provide an unprecedented way for individuals to invest in artwork or cause-related assets in a safe, secure way. The popularity of NFTs and the versatility they provide has given cryptocurrency an additional application, and has further expanded its use cases beyond its original vision.

“It’s very difficult for somebody outside of the U.S. to transfer money there because of the International SWIFT fees, et cetera,” Zhao said.

Bitcoin has been the subject of heated debates throughout its 13-year lifespan. Numerous economists and computer scientists have questioned its safety, longevity and rate of adoption. Paul Krugman is among Bitcoin’s most outspoken critics, recently saying that it’s “not terribly new anymore” given the much quicker adoption of other revolutionary innovations like the internet or even personal computers in comparison. While some have defended Bitcoin’s value, others point out that its often unpredictable price swings have made people cautious about investing in it. Despite vigorous attempts to increase its adoption and acceptance as a cryptocurrency, many still question how sustainable and practical it could be for the long run. Whether Bitcoin eventually takes off or fades away remains to be seen.

Ultimately, both sides agreed that there are benefits and challenges presented by crypto technology moving forward—particularly within finance—with no clear solution or answer apparent yet. They ended their debate with predictions for cryptocurrencies wide-scale adoption in coming years, although they disagreed on what these predictions should be and when this could potentially happen if it does at all. In light of this disagreement, each expert put forth his own opinion on what he sees for the future development and success of cryptocurrencies moving forward into 2022 and beyond.


The conversation between Binance CEO Changpeng “CZ” Zhao and Nobel Prize-winning economist Paul Krugman provided us with insight into how two experts view cryptocurrency today—from its current use cases to its potential future implications across multiple industries such as finance, art, entertainment, etc.. Though each individual had different opinions around certain aspects related to crypto technology (such as predicting its wide-scale adoption over time), one thing is for sure: cryptocurrency is here to stay! Whether you are a believer in its long term potential or not will depend on your own research into this innovative new technology. Either way though, we can agree that it is worth keeping an eye on its progress moving forward!

CZ and Krugman Debate the Future of Cryptocurrency

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